Basic concepts of object oriented programming in C++

The blog covers the basic concepts of object oriented programming in c++  

In software construction, object-oriented programming is a methodology to construct software  although there are many methodologies that are available to construct software such as

  • Structured programming language
  • Function oriented  programming language
  • Aspect-oriented programming language(AOP)
  • Object-oriented programming language(OOPS)

A well-known and famous methodology is an object-oriented programming language that most of  the latest programming languages support oops

Concept of oops

Let us understand the concept of oops through function-oriented language such as C


 because C support C++ and any valid C program is also a C++ program

The people who know C++ are well aware of C so, I will use C to explain OOPS

Suppose, if I am developing a software  for school management system then, in that case, I will look at that system through a collection of function


because I am using function-oriented language such as C, where you don’t have the luxury of class and objects and you have to work with functions only to build any software system  

The user of the school management system will be utilizing this set of functions to complete his tasks

So, you can develop software  in the form of a collection of functions if you are using function-oriented programming

The software “school management system” will be based on a collection of function

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The above figure shows an  example of software development  in a function-oriented language

the software  called “school management system” contain four functions such as

student_name();  //first Function

student_roll_no(); //second function

 student_fees(); //third function

and student_age(); // fourth function

For object-oriented programming language

such as C++ the complete software consists of a collection of objects

Where Each object will have its function and data

The user of the system will be utilizing these objects to complete his tasks

Object-oriented language is best suited for large size systems

Rendered by

The above figure shows an  example of software development  in an object-oriented language

where it contain four departments which are nothing but objects and each object will have relevant function + data

Fundamentals of object-oriented programming language

  • Classes
  • Objects
  • reusability
  • Abstraction
  • Inheritance
  • Polymorphism

What is a class? And what is an object?

In simple terms think class as datatype [float] and object is a variable of that float data type

Class and Object

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Here Bird is class and parrot and owl are the object

Rendered by

Here flower is a class and rose and lily are the object

The structure of a class contains

Two keywords

  • Public
  • Private

Public: means data and functions  can be accessed outside the class

Private: means data and functions are hidden that it cannot be accessed outside the class by other functions


Once you have created a class and tested then it can be redistributed to the other members of your team to use it in their code

New instances of classes can be created from existing class instead of redeveloping the existing code

It will save time for the  other member of a team they won’t waste time in rediscovering the wheel instead they will focus on writing a new code


Think abstraction as a password or a key given to you to just login into your account without worrying about how the whole the systems works

Another example consider a laptop  and the abstract for  laptop is a keyboard pad  through which you control the laptop

 you should not  need to know how motherboards work with its transistors, capacitors, resistors, microcontroller so, in a way, it reduces the complexity for you

in C++ you use the headers file without knowing all its internal function for example you use “cout” in the program to print output on the screen

here “cout” is  abstract for you because you just know the “cout” and you don’t know all its internal functions that produce output on the screen

If you haven’t written any C++ program yet, then see this blog post for Writing the first C++ program


  • Let us C++ by Yashavant Kanetkar
  • Let us C by Yashavant Kanetkar
  • Data structures using C by Reema Thareja

Mohammed Anees

Hey there, welcome to aneescraftsmanship I am Mohammed Anees an independent developer/blogger. I like to share and discuss the craft with others plus the things which I have learned because I believe that through discussion and sharing a new world opens up

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